syllogism questions for bank po with answers


Question 1:

Two conclusions I and II are given after two statements. Considering the statements true even if they may show variance from general accepted truth, then decide which conclusions follow the given statements logically.

          Statements:

          All officers are gentle people.

          All gentle people are rich.

          Conclusions:

          I. All officers are rich.

          II. All gentle people are officers.

          (A) Only conclusion II follows

          (B) Both conclusions I and II follow

          (C) Only conclusion I follows

          (D) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follow

Answer:

C

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 2:

Two conclusions I and II are given after two statements. Considering the statements true even if they may show variance from general accepted truth, then decide which conclusions follow the given statements logically.

          Statement:

          Some bedsheets are towels.

          Some towels are pillows.

          Conclusions:

          I. Some pillows are bedsheets.

          II. No pillow is bedsheet.

          (A) Neither conclusion I not conclusion II follow

          (B) Only conclusion I follow

          (C) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follow

          (D) Only conclusion II follow

Answer:

C

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 3:

Three statements are given, followed by three conclusions numbers I, II and III. Assuming the statements to be true, even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts, decide which of the conclusions logically follow(s) from the statements.

          Statements:

          All rocks are oceans.

          All oceans are balloons.

          Some watches are balloons.

          Conclusions:

          I. Some balloons are rocks.

          II. Some watches are oceans.

          III. All oceans are rocks.

(A) Only conclusion II follows.

(B) Only conclusions I and III follow.

(C) Only conclusions I and II follow.

(D) Only conclusion I follows.

Answer:

D

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 4:

Two statements are given followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. Assuming the statements to be true, even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts, decide which of the conclusions logically follow(s) from the statements.

          Statements :

          Some ants are bats

          Some ants are crabs

          Conclusions :

          I. Some bats are crabs

          II. No crab is ant

          III. No bat is crab

          (A) Only conclusion I and III follow

          (B) Only conclusion I and II follow

          (C) Either conclusion I and III follow

          (D) Wither conclusion I or II follow

Answer:

C

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:


Question 5:

Two statements are given, followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. Assuming the statements to be true, even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts, decide which of the conclusions logically follow(s) from the statements.

          Statements :

          Some children are clever

          All children are honest

          Conclusions :

          I. Some clever are children

          II. Some honest are children

          III. Some clever are honest

          (A) Either conclusion I or III follows

          (B) Only conclusions I and II follow

          (C) Only conclusions II and III follow

          (D) All conclusions follow

Answer:

D

Solution:

Given statements can be drawn as shown below in the venn-diagram:

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